A review of connectivity literature in South Asia
‘Connectivity conservation’ is increasingly being recognized as critical to species conservation and planning. A recent review analysed the trends in the literature, identified gaps, and highlighted future directions. The review was carried out by a team of scientists from the World Wide Fund for Nature- India (WWF- India), The Shola Trust, Network for Conserving Central India (NCCI), National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) and Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER)- Tirupati. The Coalition for Wildlife Corridors helped in bringing together some of the scientists and coordinating the effort.
Some of the key findings of the review are:
- There is a species bias in connectivity literature towards ‘charismatic megafauna’.
- A majority of studies do not use animal movement data and fall short of capturing functional connectivity.
- There is a research- implementation gap. This is critical because connectivity conservation requires managing regions outside of formal conservation zones and protected areas, and these regions are changing at a fast pace.
- Anthropogenic impacts on animal movement in terms of development trajectories as well as human culture and tolerance to wildlife have not received much attention.
Link to the paper: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs41745-021-00240-6